Women"s employment, intra-household bargaining and distribution

a two-sector analysis by Indraneel Dasgupta

Publisher: University of Nottingham, Centre for Research in Economic Development and International Trade in [Nottingham]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 28 Downloads: 543
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  • Women -- Employment.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliography.

result the respective shares of Africans, young people, and women increased considerably. Participation rates definitive about the negative consequences for employment of the wage bargaining processes, there seem to be no positive consequences. On aggregate this matrix of .   As a result, participant's new breakdown point moves forward the bargaining power position. The distribution of additional welfare created among intra-household spheres from per capita project finance investment depends up on a perceived individual bargaining power, determined by economic and non-economic factors.   This paper argues that future empirical strategies for approaching the problem of deepening relative poverty for women in sub-Saharan Africa might focus on distinguishing and weighing two complementary determinants of the process. One determinant is the changing distribution of intra-household bargaining power. Intra-household bargaining Last updated Ap Intra-household bargaining refers to negotiations that occur between members of a household in order to arrive at decisions regarding the household unit, like whether to spend or save, whether to study or work.

Accurate estimates of men's and women's employment are at the heart of understanding sources of productivity and economic growth and designing well-targeted, gender-sensitive labor policies. How respondent selection in household and labor force surveys affects these estimates is a key question, for which experimental evidence outside high. 1) women’s bargaining power within the household sphere It is possible that waged work has a positive effect on women 's intra-household relations, mainly the autonomy and the right to participate in family decision-making. However, intra-household relations are full of the ideology of love.   Alternative, or complementary, approaches to improve intra-household equity in food allocation may include: interventions that provide income-generating activities for women, women’s groups to increase social mobility and bargaining power or otherwise empower women, or agricultural programs to improve food security. exposed to it. The HSA greatly improved women’s ability to inherit property, thereby in-creasing their lifetime unearned income and their bargaining power. We find empirically that the HSA increased women’s labor supply, especially into high-paying jobs. We de-velop a theoretical model of noncooperative bargaining in which a woman’s.

Family economics applies economic concepts such as production, division of labor, distribution, and decision making to the study of the tries to explain outcomes unique to family—such as marriage, the decision to have children, fertility, polygamy, time devoted to domestic production, and dowry payments using economic analysis. women, from bargaining and ensuring their security. Rahman utilizes these theoretical insights to address the hegemonic nature of patriarchal ideology in Bangladesh, and the ways in which it permeates Bank-client (i.e., women), client-client, and intra-household. For Europe, the empirical evidence of intra-household dynamics and the distribution of decision-making power within households is more limited. Mader and Schneebaum () and Ponthieux and Meurs () use the special module of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey to study the management of. Inequality of bargaining power in law, economics and social sciences refers to a situation where one party to a bargain (bargaining power), contract or agreement, has more and better alternatives than the other party. This results in one party having greater power than the other to choose not to take the deal and makes it more likely that this party will gain more favourable terms and grant.

Women"s employment, intra-household bargaining and distribution by Indraneel Dasgupta Download PDF EPUB FB2

This paper investigates the intra-household impact of an expansion in employment opportunities for women in a dual labor market, when the informal sector functions as a gateway to the formal sector. We use a variant of the Harris-Todaro framework with.

Labor allocation decisions and distribution of household consumption are determined according to the generalized Nash cooperative bargaining solution, and agents have perfect foresight. It is shown that an increase in demand for women's labor can shift intra-household distribution in favor of men and thereby reduce women's welfare.

This paper investigates the intra-household impact of an expansion in employment opportunities for women in Womens employment dual labor market, when the informal sector functions as a gateway to the formal.

Intra-household bargaining, gender roles in agriculture and how to promote welfare enhancing changes 1. Womens employment December Holger Seebens.

The paper finds that women are generally more constrained than men with regard to access to productive resources such as Intra-household bargaining and distribution book Size: KB. Intra‐household bargaining or dynamics influences the uptake of new agricultural technologies, but it is seldom examined by innovation and adoption studies literature.

Many empirical studies reveal that women farmers have relatively low rates of adoption of agricultural technologies associated with Author: Rieko Shibata, Sarah Cardey, Peter Dorward.

I examine the effects of education on the labor force participation (LFP) of married women in an intra-household collective decision framework with imperfectly transferable utility and endogenous bargaining powers. In this case, individuals’ pre-marriage choices, including educational choices and matching on the marriage market, determine their bargaining power.

Keywords: intra-household, bargaining power, decision-making, gender, family A significant portion of the literature on intra-household allocations has been dedicated to testing the unitary model of household decision-making, that is, the theoretical assumption that the family can be treated as though it operates as a single decision-maker.

Folbre () sees this phenomenon, and all inequitable household distribution rules, as arising from structural asymmetries in the economic, social, and legal position of men and women which give the two sexes unequal bargaining power. Studies of inequality often ignore resource allocation within the household.

In doing so they miss an important element of the distribution of welfare that can vary dramatically depending on overall environmental and economic factors. Thus, measures of inequality that ignore intra household. Carmen Victoria Cen Zhen Professor Lynn Marsh Principles of Management Chapter 11 April 28 th , Discussion Questions 1) The company in the video sets a good example that how to enhance organizational effectiveness.

As one of the employees says, the organization cares about individuals and cares about people. In the company, workers are not called employees, but associates and the CEO. constraints related to intra-household bargaining power and the social status of women may continue to limit the broader impact of financial inclusion on women’s economic empowerment.

There is a need for further evidence on effective product-led strategies to address these barriers and improve economic empowerment outcomes for women. The equilibrium of the household is described in terms of the optimal intra-household allocation of goods across individuals and household activities.

The second part assesses the effects of in-kind or pecuniary income transfers to the household on the intra-household distribution of resources as implied by. On the other hand, educated women, women owning assets and women with a visible in-cash contribution to the household income may have more bargaining power within the household and may be able to influence the intrahousehold allocation of resources towards more investments in children’s health and education and more gender equality (World.

Keywords: intra-household, bargaining power, decision-making, gender, family * I am grateful to Terra McKinnish and Elizabeth Brainerd as well as participants at the AEA meetings for their feedback on the preliminary results.

Any remaining errors are my own. This study was conducted in Kabwe city of Zambia during June to august The city was divided in to three zones – more developed, medium developed and backward.

From each zone one area, i.e., Highridge, Katundo and Makululu, respectively, was selected. The purpose of study was to know the impact of intra-household resource distribution on woman’s bargaining power. The empirical findings are consistent with a bargaining approach to understanding intrahousehold resource allocation and suggest that women's survival disadvantage is related to their positions in the remarriage market, the perceived value of their work, as well as differences in altruism.

The results indicate an interesting possible asymmetry in the uses of increased intra-household bargaining power of women and men. Strengthening women's property rights does seem to increase women's bargaining power, and on average women use this power to decrease their husbands' consumption of cigarettes.

WOMEN’S DECISION-MAKING IN HOUSEHOLDS IN NICARAGUA 83 Studies suggest women’s earnings do not bring an automatic or commensurate increase in their bargaining power, and gender ideologies may be more important than income in some cases.(9) A range of less tangible factors may help determine who has the stronger voice in the household.

Much recent empirical work on intra-household allocation uses the axiomatic Nash Bargaining model to make predictions about how the distribution of consumption within the household will respond to. This paper examines the long-term impact of civil conflict on domestic violence and intra-household bargaining using data from Rwanda.

Women who married after the genocide experienced significantly increased domestic violence and reduced decision-making power relative to women who married before, with a greater effect for women in localities with high genocide intensity. employment affect women’s autonomy using an intra-household bargaining model (the relationship between autonomy and empowerment will be discussed below).

Second, it will. This chapter assesses the relevance of the collective model for the analysis of households in poor countries. As an economic unit, a household creates the possibility of mutual gains for spouses thanks to the possibility of joint consumption of public goods, risk sharing, etc.

The collective model assumes that households behave efficiently, in the sense that there is no misallocation or waste. • Examine intra-household gender relation theories of cooperation, conflict and cooperative-conflict as they relate to work roles and distribution of household resources for consumption and investment in human capital.

Justification To have effective women in development programs there is a need to understand intra-household gender. Tigabu D. Getahun, Espen Villanger Labour-Intensive Jobs for Women and Development: Intra-household Welfare Effects and Its Transmission Channels, The Journal of Development Stud no.7 7 (Jun ): –   An aggregate analysis of intra-household bargaining and labour supply.

Review of Economic Studies 80 (3), – McGrattan, E. and Rogerson, R. () Changes in the distribution of family hours since extant studies, on the subject of intra-household bargaining and child development outcomes.

Using women’s ethnicity, “arguably”, as an instrument for bargaining power, Lepine and Strobl () found that women with bargaining power tend to have children with better nutritional status in rural Senegal.

Intra-household bargaining power and its changes are difficult to measure and often unobservable. To overcome this limitation, I proceed in two steps. First, I link changes in women’s intra-household bargaining power to changes in their health and mortality risk by using amendments to the Indian inheritance law as a natural experiment.

participation of women in unions; 2) high priority on issues of importance to women in collective bargaining demands; and 3) legislative and political action by becoming a strong voice for political change and by active participation in "the networks and coalitions that share a vision of women's equality" (Canadian Labour Congress a).

influenced by intra-household dynamics and social customs/taboos. Depending on these factors, individuals within households may have access to food but still suffer from food insecurity.

Women and children are particularly of their relatively limited control over assets and relatively weak intra-household bargaining power. Labour-Intensive Jobs for Women and Development: Intra-household Welfare Effects and Its Transmission Channels. The Journal of Development Studies: Vol.

54, No. 7, pp. need for intra-household bargaining between more women and their domestic partners [36]. Overall, rising incomes have made it easier for higher earning women to remain employed and nominally responsible for housekeeping while minimizing their ownhoursofunpaidlabor [8,37 ];in contrast,lowearning women have fewer options for reducing the time they.husband s gain when bargaining power is shifted to the person who values exiting the marriage the most.

Gray () argued that b ecause employment in the labor market is less of a joint investment than work in the home, these women who lose bargaining power becom e less likely to be employed in the labor market.Women's Employment, Intra-Household Bargaining, and Distribution: A Two-Sector Analysis Oxford Economic Papers, Vol.

52, Issue 4, October Posted: 07 Jul